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Advanced Psychology Research Guide

Advanced Research Processes and Sources in Psychology

Format Your Paper & Cite Your Sources in APA Style (7th ed.)

When you use someone else's words or ideas in your papers, you should create In-text citations (within the paper) and References list citations (at the end of the paper). Each In-text citation should lead to a References list citation, and each References list citation should come from an In-text citation.

Use the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.) to correctly cite your sources and format your research papers.

Help from the American Psychological Association 

Use the American Psychological Association's APA Style website for help with formatting your citations and your paper:

Help from the Purdue OWL 

Use the Purdue OWL APA Style (7th Ed.) Guide for help with putting together your citations:

Legal Citations

Federal Statutes/Laws

You need to find the following information for your citations:

  • the law you're citing
  • the year the law was passed
  • where it's found in the United States Code
  • the year of the edition of the United States Code in which you found the law

In-Text Citation: (Name of Law, Year law was passed)

  • Should include the name of the law and the year it was signed into law
    • (Family and Medical Leave Act, 1993)

References List Citation: Name of Law of Year law was passed Title Number in United States Code U.S.C. § § Section Code-Section Code in United States Code (Year of the edition of the United States Code in which you found the law)

  • Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, 29 U.S.C. § §2601-2654 (2006). 

See the Writing References for Federal Statutes on the official APA Style Blog for more help and guidance

State Statutes/Laws

In-text Citation: (State Abbreviation Name of Law, Year)

  • Should include the state abbreviation, the name of the law, and the year it was signed into law
    • (NM Elections, 2017)
  • For unnamed laws, should include the state abbreviation, the number of the law and the year it was signed into law
    • (NM Stat § 40-4-9.1, 2006)

References List CitationState Abbreviation Code, Stat § Name of law (if available), Abbreviation § section number(s) (Year)

  • With law name: NM Stat § Elections 1-4-4. (2017)
  • Unnamed Law: NM Stat  § 40-4-9.1. (2006) 

Court Decisions 

You need to find the following information for citations about court decisions:

  • Name of the case: Name vs. Name
  • Source reporting the decision: Volume Source Page
  • Court and date of the decision: (Court Date)

In-Text Citation: (Name v. Name, Court Date)

  • (Lessard v. Schmidt, 1972)

References List Citation: Name v. Name, Volume Source Page (Court Date)

  • Lessard v. Schmidt, 349 F. Supp. 1078 (E.D. Wis. 1972)

See the Citing Court Decisions page on the official APA Style Blog for more help and guidance

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