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Gender Roles: SOC 443/543 / WGST 405/505 / PSYC 405/505 / CRJ 443/543

Research Guide for Gender Roles course

Citing in American Psychological Association (APA) style and American Sociological Association (ASA) Style

When you use someone else's words or ideas in your papers, you should create In-text citations within your paper and References Page (ASA) or References List (APA) citations at the end of the paper. Each In-text citation should lead to a References Page/List citation, and each References Page/List citation should come from an In-text citation.

Write & Cite in American Sociological Association (ASA) Style

Use the American Sociological Association Style Guide (5th edition) to correctly cite your sources and format your research paper.  

Use the American Sociological Association's Quick Tips ASA Style Sheet for:

  • In-Text citation templates
  • References Page citation templates

Use the Purdue OWL American Sociological Association (ASA) Formatting and Style Guide templates to put together your ASA In-Text and References Page citations:

The University of Connecticut American Sociological Association guide below has an extensive list of References Page citation templates and examples, including templates and examples for DVDs and online videos.

Write and Cite in American Psychological (APA) Style

Use the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition) to correctly cite your sources and format your research paper.  

Use the Purdue OWL APA Guide (6th ed.) to put together your APA citations:

Use the APA Style website or take the Basics of APA Style tutorial for help with putting together your citations and formatting your research paper. Read through the short blog entry The Proper Use of Et Al in APA Style for explanations and examples of how to handle in-text and Reference List citations for various numbers of authors.  

Use this sample APA paper to help you format your paper and this sample APA References list to help you put together your References list. 

Legal Citations (APA and ASA Style)

Federal Statutes/Laws

Federal statutes/laws are found in the United States Code. You need to find the following information for your citations:

  • the law you're citing
  • the year the law was passed
  • where it's found in the United States Code
  • the year of the edition of the United States Code in which you found the law

In-Text Citation: (Name of Law, Year law was passed)

  • Should include the name of the law and the year it was signed into law
    • (Family and Medical Leave Act, 1993)

References List Citation: Name of Law of Year law was passed Title Number in United States Code U.S.C. § § Section Code-Section Code in United States Code (Year of the edition of the United States Code in which you found the law)

  • Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, 29 U.S.C. § §2601-2654 (2006). 

See the Writing References for Federal Statutes on the official APA Style Blog for more help and guidance

State Statutes/Laws

In-text Citation: (State Abbreviation Name of Law, Year)

  • Should include the state abbreviation, the name of the law, and the year it was signed into law
    • (NM Elections, 2017)
  • For unnamed laws, should include the state abbreviation, the number of the law and the year it was signed into law
    • (NM Stat § 40-4-9.1, 2006)

References List CitationState Abbreviation Code, Stat § Name of law (if available), Abbreviation § section number(s) (Year)

  • With law name: NM Stat § Elections 1-4-4. (2017)
  • Unnamed Law: NM Stat  § 40-4-9.1. (2006) 

Court Decisions 

You need to find the following information for citations about court decisions:

  • Name of the case: Name vs. Name
  • Source reporting the decision: Volume Source Page
  • Court and date of the decision: (Court Date)

In-Text Citation: (Name v. Name, Court Date)

  • (Lessard v. Schmidt, 1972)

References List Citation: Name v. Name, Volume Source Page (Court Date)

  • Lessard v. Schmidt, 349 F. Supp. 1078 (E.D. Wis. 1972)

See the Citing Court Decisions page on the official APA Style Blog for more help and guidance

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