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CRJ/SOC/AAAS 473: Race, Crime, and Justice

Research Guide for CRJ/SOC/AAAS 473

APA Style Resources

Several print copies of the APA 7th edition Publication Manual are available for checkout at the Mardigian Library.

(Sorry, APA does not provide an eBook version of this for libraries at the present time.)

Help for Writing and Citing in American Psychological Association (APA) Style (7th ed.)

Citations provide the information necessary for readers to identify and retrieve each source you use. When you use someone else's words or ideas in your papers, you should create an In-text citation within your paper and a References List citation at the end of the paper. Each In-text citation should lead to a References List citation, and each References List citation should come from an In-text citation.

Use the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.) (print format) and/or the Concise APA Handbook: 7th Edition (ebook format) to correctly cite your sources and format your research papers. 

Help from the American Psychological Association 

Use the American Psychological Association's APA Style website for help with formatting your citations and your paper:

Reference Examples:

More Help for Writing & Citing in APA Style (7th ed.)

Use the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.) to correctly cite your sources and format your research papers. 

Help from the American Psychological Association 

Use the American Psychological Association's APA Style website for help with formatting your citations and your paper:

Help from the Purdue OWL 

Use the Purdue OWL APA Style (7th Ed.) Guide for help with putting together your citations:

Legal Citations

Federal Statutes/Laws

You need to find the following information for your citations:

  • the law you're citing
  • the year the law was passed
  • where it's found in the United States Code
  • the year of the edition of the United States Code in which you found the law

In-Text Citation: (Name of Law, Year law was passed)

  • Should include the name of the law and the year it was signed into law
    • (Family and Medical Leave Act, 1993)

References List Citation: Name of Law of Year law was passed Title Number in United States Code U.S.C. § § Section Code-Section Code in United States Code (Year of the edition of the United States Code in which you found the law)

  • Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, 29 U.S.C. § §2601-2654 (2006). 

See the Writing References for Federal Statutes on the official APA Style Blog for more help and guidance

State Statutes/Laws

In-text Citation: (State Abbreviation Name of Law, Year)

  • Should include the state abbreviation, the name of the law, and the year it was signed into law
    • (NM Elections, 2017)
  • For unnamed laws, should include the state abbreviation, the number of the law and the year it was signed into law
    • (NM Stat § 40-4-9.1, 2006)

References List CitationState Abbreviation Code, Stat § Name of law (if available), Abbreviation § section number(s) (Year)

  • With law name: NM Stat § Elections 1-4-4. (2017)
  • Unnamed Law: NM Stat  § 40-4-9.1. (2006) 

Court Decisions 

You need to find the following information for citations about court decisions:

  • Name of the case: Name vs. Name
  • Source reporting the decision: Volume Source Page
  • Court and date of the decision: (Court Date)

In-Text Citation: (Name v. Name, Court Date)

  • (Lessard v. Schmidt, 1972)

References List Citation: Name v. Name, Volume Source Page (Court Date)

  • Lessard v. Schmidt, 349 F. Supp. 1078 (E.D. Wis. 1972)

See the Citing Court Decisions page on the official APA Style Blog for more help and guidance

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