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Writing Your Research Paper

Writing Tips

  • Decide on the research paper's main topic and arguments first
  • Write the body of the research paper first and then write the introduction and conclusion
  • Everything in your research paper should point back to your research topic and arguments

Research Paper Format

Research papers should have an introduction, a body, and a conclusion:

1. Introduction: summarizes what you will write and puts it into context

  • Start the introduction with background that contextualizes the paper's main topic
  • End the introduction with a topic statement, which outlines the main points of the paper and how you will address them

2. Body: presents the main points of the paper, with each paragraph representing one aspect of the paper's main focus. Each paragraph should include a topic sentence, evidence, analysis, and a transition sentence:

  • The topic sentence summarizes the paragraph's main idea
  • Use evidence from your research sources to support or make the argument for your main ideas
  • Analyse your evidence to show how it links to your broader topic
  • Include a transition sentence at the end of each paragraph to connect what you discussed in that paragraph with the main idea of the next paragraph

3. Conclusion: summarizes what you wrote and what you learned

  • Restate your topic statement from the introduction in different words
  • Briefly summarize your main points or arguments and pull them together into the paper's main topic
  • End with a strong, final statement that ties the whole paper together and makes it clear the paper has come to an end
  • No new ideas should be introduced in the conclusion, it should only review and analyze the main points from the body of the paper

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