Skip to main content

LGBTQ Resources & Research

Citing your Sources

When you use someone else's words or ideas in your papers, you should create In-text citations within your paper and References Page (ASA) or References List (APA) citations at the end of the paper. Each In-text citation should lead to a References Page/List citation, and each References Page/List citation should come from an In-text citation.

Write and Cite in American Psychological (APA) Style

Use the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition) to correctly cite your sources and format your research paper.  

Use the Purdue OWL APA Formatting and Style Guide templates to put together your APA in-text and references list citations:

Use the APA Style website or take the Basics of APA Style tutorial for help with putting together your citations and formatting your research paper. Read through the short blog entry The Proper Use of Et Al in APA Style for explanations and examples of how to handle in-text and Reference List citations for various numbers of authors.  

Use this sample APA paper to help you format your paper and this sample APA References list to help you put together your References list. 

Write & Cite in American Sociological Association (ASA) Style

Use the American Sociological Association Style Guide (5th edition) to correctly cite your sources and format your research paper.  

Use the American Sociological Association's Quick Tips ASA Style Sheet for:

  • In-Text citation templates
  • References Page citation templates

Use the Purdue OWL American Sociological Association (ASA) Formatting and Style Guide templates to put together your ASA In-Text and References Page citations:

The University of Connecticut American Sociological Association guide below has an extensive list of References Page citation templates and examples, including templates and examples for DVDs and online videos.

Write and Cite in Chicago Style

In-Text Citations

Place citations in parentheses and include the last names of the author(s) and the source's year of publication:
  • One author: Last Name Year of Publication (Anderson 2018)
  • Two authors: Last Name and Last Name Year of Publication (Anderson and Chenoweth 2018)
  • Three authors: Last Name, Last Name, and Last Name Year of Publication (Anderson, Mills, and Chenoweth 2018)
  • Four or more authors: Last Name et al. Year of Publication (Anderson et al. 2018)
When you're quoting from a source, add the page number from which you're quoting to the above template. If your quote is over two pages, include both pages:
  • Last Name(s) Year of Publication, Page Number (Anderson 2018, 41)
  • Last Name(s) Year of Publication, Page Number-Page Number (Anderson, Mills, and Chenoweth 2018, 40-41)
References List Citations
Use the Chicago Manual of Style Citation Quick Guide citation templates and Reference list formatting guides:

Use the American Anthropological Association Guide to Chicago Style to help you cite your sources and format your paper. 

Write & Cite in Modern Language Association (MLA) Style

MLA Style

Use the Purdue OWL MLA Formatting and Style Guide templates to put together your Works Cited page citations:

Use the MLA Style Manua(3rd ed.) for further help with citing your sources.

University of Michigan - Dearborn Logo
  • 4901 Evergreen Road
    Dearborn, MI 48128, USA
  • Phone: 313-593-5000
  • Contact us