Skip to Main Content

BIOL/ESCI 304 - Ecology

A guide for BIOL/ESCI 304 students researching environmental topics in the library and on the internet.

Journal Articles

1 author

Smaglik, P. (2003). The glory of autonomy. Nature, 422(6929), 353.

2 authors

Beers, S. R., & De Bellis, M. D. (2002). Neuropsychological function in children with maltreatment-related posttraumatic stress disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 483-486. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.159.3.483

3 or more authors

Ramus, F., Rosen, S., et al. (2003). Theories of developmental dyslexia: Insights from a multiple case study of dyslexic adults. Brain, 126(4), 841-865. doi:10.1093/brain/awg076


Authored book

Bradley-Johnson, S. (1994). Psychoeducational assessment of students who are visually impaired or blind: Infancy through high school (2nd ed.). Austin, TX: Pro-ed.

Edited book

Heredia, R. R., & Altarriba, J. (Eds.). (2014). Foundations of Bilingual Memory. New York, NY: Springer.

A chapter in and edited book

Gerstner, T., & Heinz, S. (2013). Dimension- and Time-Adaptive Multilevel Monte Carlo Methods. In J. Garcke & M. Griebel (Eds.), Sparse Grids and Applications (pp. 107-120). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.


Fang, J. (2015, March 6). Post-Menopausal Killer Whales Lead the Pod. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


Government Accountability Office. (1992). Internal Control Weaknesses in Army Safeguarding of Computer Equipment (No. AFMD-92-60ML). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and Dissertations

Grandon, J. (2015). The Distribution of Apiaceae in Lafayette and St. Martin Parishes (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

Newspaper Articles

Kelly, C. (2013, August 25). When Hill Country Feels Too Much Like Shreveport. New York Times, p. A23B.

Data Sets

Prugh, L. & Golden, C. (2013). Data from: Does moonlight increase predation risk? Meta-analysis reveals divergent responses of nocturnal mammals to lunar cycles. Dryad Digital Repository,

In-text Citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

  • This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
  • This sentence cites two references (Kinchen & Ravichandran, 2010; Smaglik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kinchen & Ravichandran, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Loewe et al., 2003)

More information from: Journal of Ecology Author Guidelines

Some examples from How to format your references using the Journal of Ecology citation style

University of Michigan - Dearborn Logo
  • 4901 Evergreen Road
    Dearborn, MI 48128, USA
  • Phone: 313-593-5000
  • Contact us