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Essential Studies on the Modern Middle East

Provides a basic introduction to the modern Middle East

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Gender & Society Introduction

Diplomatic interactions in the contemporary period are a crucial subset of the international relations of modern Middle Eastern states.  But, they are overlaid upon a tangle of domestic and foreign policies of the late Ottoman and Qajar empires.  The political volatility of the modern period meant that some of the more durable continuities of regional interactions were in public and private non-state spheres - commercial, nomadic, scholastic, religious -  that outlasted the particular states that tried to regulate them.

Below you will find resources from four aspects of Gender & Society:

  • Gender and the Law
  • The Economics of Gender: Labor, Commerce, and Art
  • Sexuality and Identity
  • Feminisms

Gender and the Law

Jennings, Ronald C. "Women in Early 17th Century Ottoman Judicial Records: The Sharia Court of Anatolian Kayseri."

Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 18, no. 1 (1975): 53-114. doi:10.2307/3632221.


Kamali, Mohammad Hashim. "References to Islam and Women in the Afghan Constitution." Arab Law Quarterly 22, no. 3

(2008): 270-306.


Najmabadi, Afsaneh. "'Is Our Name Remembered?': Writing the History of Iranian Constitutionalism as If Women and

Gender Mattered." Iranian Studies 29, no. 1/2 (1996): 85-109.


Wills, Emily Regan. "Democratic Paradoxes: Women's Rights and Democratization in Kuwait." Middle East Journal 67, no. 2

(2013): 173-84.

The Economics of Gender: Labor, Commerce, and Art

Noga Efrati. "Productive or Reproductive? The Roles of Iraqi Women during the Iraq-Iran War." Middle Eastern Studies 35,

no. 2 (1999): 27-44.


Shaw, Wendy M. K. "Where Did the Women Go? Female Artists from the Ottoman Empire to the Early Years of the

Turkish Republic." Journal of Women's History 23, no. 1 (Spring, 2011): 13-37,202. doi:


Selaiha, Nehad, and Sarah Enany. "Women Playwrights in Egypt." Theatre Journal 62, no. 4 (2010): 627-



Tijani, Olatunbosun Ishaq. "Gendering the Iraq-Kuwait Conflict: Literary Representations of Kuwaiti Women's Resilience and

Resistance." Journal of Arabic Literature 39, no. 2 (2008): 250-69.

Sexuality and Identity

Atamaz-Hazar, Serpil. "Reconstructing the History of the Constitutional Era in Ottoman Turkey through Women's

Periodicals." Aspasia 5, (2011): 92-111. doi:


Kavakci, Elif, and Camille R Kraeplin. “Religious Beings in Fashionable Bodies: The Online Identity Construction of Hijabi

Social Media Personalities.” Media, Culture & Society 39, no. 6 (September 2017): 850–68. doi:10.1177/0163443716679031


Georgis, Dina. "Thinking Pas Pride: Queer Arab Shame in 'BAREED MISTA3JIL'." International Journal of Middle

East Studies 45, no. 2 (2013): 233-51.


Nasrabadi, Manijeh. "'Women Can Do Anything Men Can Do': Gender and the Affects of Solidarity in the U.S. Iranian Student

Movement, 1961–1979." Women's Studies Quarterly 42, no. 3/4 (2014): 127-45.


Walsh-Haines, Grant. "The Egyptian Blogosphere: Policing Gender and Sexuality and the Consequences for Queer

Emancipation." Journal of Middle East Women's Studies 8, no. 3 (2012): 41-62. doi:10.2979/jmiddeastwomstud.8.3.41.


Abu-Lughod, Lila. "The Active Social Life of 'Muslim Women's Rights': A Plea for Ethnography, Not Polemic, with Cases from

Egypt and Palestine." Journal of Middle East Women's Studies 6, no. 1 (2010): 1-45. doi:10.2979/mew.2010.6.1.1.


Göknar, Erdağ. "Turkish-Islamic Feminism Confronts National Patriarchy: Halide Edib's Divided Self." Journal of Middle East

Women's Studies 9, no. 2 (2013): 32-57. doi:10.2979/jmiddeastwomstud.9.2.32.


Hassan, Mona. "Women Preaching for the Secular State: Official Female Preachers (Bayan Vaizler) in Contemporary

Turkey." International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 451-73.


Kandiyoti, Deniz. "Bargaining with Patriarchy." Gender and Society 2, no. 3 (1988): 274-90.


Kurzman, Charles. "A Feminist Generation in Iran?" Iranian Studies 41, no. 3 (2008): 297-321.


Lavie, Smadar. "Mizrahi Feminism and the Question of Palestine." Journal of Middle East Women's Studies 7, no. 2 (2011):

56-88. doi:10.2979/jmiddeastwomstud.7.2.56.

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