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Essential Studies on the Modern Middle East

Provides a basic introduction to the modern Middle East

Globalization Introduction

One of the fascinating narratives emerging from multiple studies is the story of how diverse actors in the Middle East sought to facilitate and to master the social, economic, legal, and military engines of globalization, sometimes with disastrous results.  It’s a story of immigrants and itinerate students, but also of displaced persons and refugees.  Cultural imperialism, but also bold and local innovation.  The political and human costs of globalization obscure the fact that the modern Middle East has also partaken in the beneficial effects of a more inter-connected world, and, that other parts of the world reflect the influences of modern Middle East through its diasporas.

Below you will find resources from six aspects of Globalization:

  • Imperialism and Colonialism
  • Oil and Beyond
  • Transnational Culture: Media and Place
  • Transnational Culture: The Impacts of Voluntary and Involuntary Mobility
  • Transnational Culture: Education, Art, and Literature
  • New World Orders

Imperialism and Colonialism

Al-Sayegh, Fatma. "American Missionaries in the UAE Region in the Twentieth Century." Middle Eastern Studies 32, no. 1

(1996): 120-39.


Fortna, Benjamin C. "Change in the School Maps of the Late Ottoman Empire." Imago Mundi 57, no. 1 (2005): 23-34.


Worringer, Renée. "'Sick Man of Eurpoe' Or 'Japan of the Near East?': Construction Ottoman Modernity in the Hamidian and

Young Turk Eras." International Journal of Middle East Studies 36, no. 2 (05, 2004): 207.

Oil and Beyond

Adams, Walter, James W. Brock, and John M. Blair. "Retarding the Development of Iraq's Oil Resources: An Episode in

Oleaginous Diplomacy, 1927-1939." Journal of Economic Issues 27, no. 1 (1993): 69-93.


Krause, Keith. "Middle Eastern Arms Recipients in the Post-Cold War World." The Annals of the American Academy of

Political and Social Science 535 (1994): 73-90.


Köse, Yavuz. “Nestlé: A Brief History of the Marketing Strategies of the First Multinational Company in the Ottoman Empire.”

Journal of Macromarketing 27, no. 1 (March 2007): 74–85.


Pamuk, Şevket, and Jeffrey G. Williamson. "Ottoman De-industrialization, 1800–1913: Assessing the Magnitude,

Impact, and Response." The Economic History Review 64, no. S1 (2011): 159-84.


Tignor, Robert L. "In the Grip of Politics: The Ford Motor Company of Egypt, 1945-1960." Middle East Journal 44, no. 3

(1990): 383-98.

Transnational Culture: Media and Place

Gorkemli, Serkan. "'Coming Out of the Internet': Lesbian and Gay Activism and the Internet as a 'Digital Closet' in

Turkey." Journal of Middle East Women's Studies 8, no. 3 (2012): 63-88. doi:10.2979/jmiddeastwomstud.8.3.63.


Hamidi, Ayman. "Inscriptions of Violence in Northern Yemen: Haunting Histories, Unstable Moral Spaces." Middle Eastern

Studies 45, no. 2 (2009): 165-87.


Hermida, Alfred, Seth C. Lewis, and Rodrigo Zamith. "Sourcing the Arab Spring: A Case Study of Andy Carvin's Sources on

Twitter during the Tunisian and Egyptian Revolutions." Journal of Computer‐Mediated Communication 19, no. 3 (2014): 479-499.


Kezer, Zeynep. "Contesting Urban Space in Early Republican Ankara." Journal of Architectural Education (1984-) 52, no. 1

(1998): 11-19.


Najdi, Khaled Al, and Rosalie Smith McCrea. "The History of Advertising Design in Kuwait: Post-Oil Cultural Shifts 1947-

1959." Journal of Design History 25, no. 1 (2012): 55-87.


Özen, Mustafa. (2008) “Visual representation and propaganda: Early films and postcards in the Ottoman Empire, 1895–

1914.”  Early Popular Visual Culture 6, no. 2 (2008): 145-157, DOI: 10.1080/17460650802150408.


Stanton, Andrea. “Part of Imperial Communications.” Media History 19, no. 4 (November 2013): 421–35.



Weiss, Max. "Practicing Sectarianism in Mandate Lebanon: ShicI Cemeteries, Religious Patrimony, and the Everyday Politics

of Difference." Journal of Social History 43, no. 3 (2010): 707-33.

Transnational Culture: The Impacts of Voluntary and Involuntary Mobility

Akcapar, Sebnem Koser. "Conversion as a Migration Strategy in a Transit Country: Iranian Shiites Becoming Christians in

Turkey." The International Migration Review 40, no. 4 (2006): 817-53.


Cooper, Nicholas. "City of Gold, City of Slaves: Slavery and Indentured Servitude in Dubai." Journal of Strategic Security 6,

no. 3 (2013): 65-71.


Dadrian, Vahakn N. "The Armenian Question and the Wartime Fate of the Armenians as Documented by the Officials of the

Ottoman Empire's World War I Allies: Germany and Austria-Hungary." International Journal of Middle East Studies 34, no. 1 (2002): 59-85.


De Regt, Marina. "Ways to Come, Ways to Leave: Gender, Mobility, and Il/legality among Ethiopian Domestic

Workers in Yemen." Gender and Society 24, no. 2 (2010): 237-60.


Herzog, Christoph, and Raoul Motika. "Orientalism 'alla Turca': Late 19th / Early 20th Century Ottoman Voyages into the

Muslim 'Outback'." Die Welt Des Islams, New Series, 40, no. 2 (2000): 139-95.


Motadel, David. "Qajar Shahs in Imperial Germany." Past & Present, no. 213 (2011): 191-235.


Scarce, Jennifer. "Entertainments East and West: Three Encounters between Iranians and Europeans during the Qajar

Period (1786-1925)." Iranian Studies 40, no. 4 (2007): 455-66.


Seccombe, Ian J. "Labour Migration to the Arabian Gulf: Evolution and Characteristics 1920-1950." Bulletin (British Society

for Middle Eastern Studies) 10, no. 1 (1983): 3-20.


Shaham, Ron. "Masters, Their Freed Slaves, and the Waqf in Egypt (Eighteenth-Twentieth Centuries)." Journal of the

Economic and Social History of the Orient 43, no. 2 (2000): 162-88.


Sonay, Ali.  “Local Media in Turkey: The Growth of Islamic Networks in Konya’s Radio Landscape.” Middle East

Critique, 27:2 (2018): 127-140, DOI: 10.1080/19436149.2018.1433585

Transnational Culture: Education, Art, and Literature

Azizi, Mohammad Hossein, and Farzaneh Azizi. "Government-Sponsored Iranian Medical Students Abroad (1811–

1935)." Iranian Studies 43, no. 3 (2010): 349-63.

Miller-Idriss, Cynthia, and Elizabeth Hanauer. "Transnational Higher Education: Offshore Campuses in the Middle

East." Comparative Education 47, no. 2 (2011): 181-207.

New World Orders

Ateş, Sabri. “Treaty of Zohab, 1639:  Foundational Myth or Foundational Document.” Iranian Studies 52: 3-4 (May-July

2019): 397-423.


Khalidi, Rashid. "The United States and the Palestinians, 1977–2012: Three Key Moments." Journal of Palestine Studies 42,

no. 4 (2013): 61-72. doi:10.1525/jps.2013.42.4.61.


Rabi, Uzi & Chelsi Mueller. “The Gulf Arab states and Israel since 1967: from ‘No Negotiation’ to Tacit Cooperation.”  British

Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 44:4 (2017): 576-592, DOI: 10.1080/13530194.2017.1360013


Wichhart, Stefanie. 2019. "The Formation of the Arab League and the United Nations, 1944–5." Journal of Contemporary

History 54 (2): 328-346.


Yeşılbursa, Behçet Kemal. "The Formation of RCD: Regional Cooperation for Development." Middle Eastern Studies 45, no.

4 (2009): 637-60.

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