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Essential Studies on the Modern Middle East

Provides a basic introduction to the modern Middle East

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Regional Interactions Introduction

Diplomatic interactions in the contemporary period are a crucial subset of the international relations of modern Middle Eastern states.  But, they are overlaid upon a tangle of domestic and foreign policies of the late Ottoman and Qajar empires.  The political volatility of the modern period meant that some of the more durable continuities of regional interactions were in public and private non-state spheres - commercial, nomadic, scholastic, religious -  that outlasted the particular states that tried to regulate them.

Below you will find resources from three aspects of Regional Interactions:

  • The Last Empires
  • Nation States vs. Pluralistic Reality
  • Non-State Networks

The Last Empires

Frank, Alison. "The Children of the Desert and the Laws of the Sea: Austria, Great Britain, the Ottoman Empire, and the

Mediterranean Slave Trade in the Nineteenth Century." The American Historical Review 117, no. 2 (2012): 410-44.


Shahvar, Soli. "Iron Poles, Wooden Poles: The Electric Telegraph and the Ottoman: Iranian Boundary Conflict, 1863-1865."

British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 34, no. 1 (2007): 23-42.


Mirkova, Anna M. "'Population Politics' at the End of Empire: Migration and Sovereignty in Ottoman Eastern Rumelia,

1877—1886." Comparative Studies in Society and History 55, no. 4 (2013): 955-85.


Thomas, Martin. "Bedouin Tribes and the Imperial Intelligence Services in Syria, Iraq and Transjordan in the 1920s." Journal

of Contemporary History 38, no. 4 (2003): 539-61.


Toledano, Ehud R. "Late Ottoman Concepts of Slavery (1830s-1880s)." Poetics Today 14, no. 3 (1993): 477-506.


Nation States vs. Pluralistic Reality

Gerber, Haim. "Zionism, Orientalism, and the Palestinians." Journal of  Palestine Studies 33, no. 1 (2003): 23-41.



Gandolfo, K. Luisa. "The Political and Social Identities of the Palestinian Christian Community in Jordan." Middle East

Journal 62, no. 3 (2008): 437-55.


Hande Paker. "Reflection of the State in the Turkish Red Crescent: From Modernization to Corruption to Reform?" Middle

Eastern Studies 43,no. 4 (2007): 647-60.


Kabha, Mustafa. "The Palestinian Press and the General Strike, April-October 1936: 'Filastin' as a Case Study." MidKabha,

Mustafadle Eastern Studies 39, no. 3 (2003): 169-89.


Meti̇n Yüksel. "The Encounter of Kurdish Women with Nationalism in Turkey." Middle Eastern Studies 42, no. 5 (2006): 777-



Weinbaum, Marvin G., and Abdullah B. Khurram. "Pakistan and Saudi Arabia: Deference, Dependence, and Deterrence."

Middle East Journal 68, no. 2 (2014): 211-28.


Wiegand, Krista E. "Bahrain, Qatar, and the Hawar Islands: Resolution of a Gulf Territorial Dispute." Middle East Journal 66,

no. 1 (2012): 79-96.


Yilmaz Çolak. "Ottomanism vs. Kemalism: Collective Memory and Cultural Pluralism in 1990s Turkey." Middle Eastern

Studies 42, no. 4 (2006): 587-602.

Non-State Networks

Ayalon, Ami. "Arab Booksellers and Bookshops in the Age of Printing,1850–1914." British Journal of Middle Eastern

Studies 37, no. 1 (2010):73-93.


Heard-Bey, Frauke. "Conflict Resolution and Regional Co-operation: The Role of the Gulf Co-operation Council 1970-

2002." Middle Eastern Studies 42, no. 2 (2006): 199-222.


Köni, Hakan. "Saudi Influence on Islamic Institutions in Turkey Beginning in the 1970s." Middle East Journal 66, no. 1 (2012):



McLaughlin, Fiona. "Youssou N'Dour's 'Sant Yàlla/Egypt': A Musical Experiment in Sufi Modernity." Popular Music 30,

no. 1 (2011): 71-87.


McCormick, Jared. "Hairy Chest, Will Travel: Tourism, Identity, and Sexuality in the Levant." Journal of Middle East Women's

Studies 7, no. 3 (2011): 71-97.  doi:10.2979/jmiddeastwomstud.7.3.71.


Taremi, Kamran.  “The Role of Water Exports in Iranian Foreign Policy Towards the GCC." Iranian Studies 38, no. 2 (2005):


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